Noteworthy Information

Business & Government Simple read

Chinese AI Gets Ethical Guidelines For the First Time, Aligning With Beijing's Goal of Reining in Big Tech

China has revealed its first set of ethical guidelines governing artificial intelligence, placing emphasis on protecting user rights and preventing risks in ways that align with Beijing's goals of reining in Big Tech's influence and becoming the global AI leader by 2030.

Business & Government Simple read

China Passes Data Protection Law

The law, called the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL), is set to take effect on November 1, 2021. It was proposed last year -- signalling an intent by China's communist leaders to crack down on unscrupulous data collection in the commercial sphere by putting legal restrictions on user data collection. The new law requires app makers to offer users options over how their information is or isn't used, such as the ability not to be targeted for marketing purposes or to have marketing based on personal characteristics.

It also places requirements on data processors to obtain consent from individuals in order to be able to process sensitive types of data such as biometrics, medical and health data, financial information and location data. While apps that illegally process user data risk having their service suspended or terminated. Any Western companies doing business in China which involves processing citizens' personal data must grapple with the law's extraterritorial jurisdiction -- meaning foreign companies will face regulatory requirements such as the need to assign local representatives and report to supervisory agencies in China.

Business & Government Intermediate read

China’s Data Security Law in Effect Sept. 1, 2021

Prepare for Compliance: China’s Data Security Law contains provisions that cover the usage, collection, and protection of data in China. Violations will trigger penalty fines and even suspension of business and revocation of license or permits.

[Advanced] 3D Zero Knowledge Protocol

PingAn bank, one of the biggest bank in China, released a report that shows how they use the ZKP to empower its business.

[Advanced] Data Is Power

If the United States does not shape new rules for the digital age, others will. China, for example, is promulgating its own techno-authoritarian model, recognizing that shaping the rules of digital power is a key component of geopolitical competition.

[Simple] Tech giants join China as superpowers calling the shots

Australia is presently embroiled in two major showdowns with superpowers. One is with China. The other is with Google and Facebook.

[Intermediate] China’s country-as-platform strategy for global influence

As platforms continue to grow, control over the trade in goods and services is shifting from countries to digital platforms. And as trade, labor, and money grow increasingly digitized and are exchanged on platforms, countries need to rethink their positions in the global flow of these goods. If they are to gain a competitive advantage, countries need to increasingly pursue a platform strategy.

Chinese firms Baidu, Tencent in launch of distributed identity alliance

A consortium of 17 firms launched a new distributed identity alliance (DID Alliance) in China. The consortium is led by state-owned China Banknote Blockchain Technology Research Institute and Feitian Technology and includes numerous big names such as Baidu, Tencent Cloud, WeBank, JD.com and UnionPay Electronic Payment Research Institute.

Covid-19: China pushes for QR code based global travel system

Chinese President Xi Jinping has called for a "global mechanism" that would use QR codes to open up international travel. The codes will be used to help establish a traveller's health status. But Human Rights advocates warn that the codes could be used for "broader political monitoring and exclusion".

In land of big data, China sets individual privacy rights

China's parliament is set to approve a new law enshrining individuals' right to privacy and protection of personal data.

I Took DNA Tests in the U.S. and China. The Results Concern Me

Privacy is big question, as governments seek access to DNA data.

App attempts a rare trick in China: Online Privacy

In a country where privacy protections are considered weak and anything-goes data collection has become the norm, Chinese tech entrepreneur Yang Geng stands out. His service, LeakZero, helps people surf the web anonymously, protect passwords and send encrypted messages. By design, he can’t find out the names of the app’s users or even know how many there are. It doesn’t have a so-called ‘back door.’